“Why Was Conquering Stalingrad So Crucial for Germany Strategy in WWII?
The battle of Stalingrad was a crucial point of strategy for Germany and the central powers in World War II, because the capture of Stalingrad would have expanded German rule into southern Russia and destroyed any form of transportation southern Russia had with northern Russia over the Volga River. Unfortunately for Germany, the battle of Stalingrad did not go as planned. The Soviet Union defeated German troops and managed to stop German advancement into Russia. History.com explains how important the Battle of Stalingrad was in the bigger picture of the War. “This monumental battle is justly considered a turning point in the war on the Eastern Front and one of the most crucial engagements of World War II.”
Adolph Hitler, leading Germany in World War II, saw the capture of Stalingrad important for many reasons. Not only did capturing this city cut off links of transport between northern Russia and southern Russia using the Volga River, but the capture of Stalingrad would also implement German expansion into the Caucasus region, which was rich in oil. It was only by coincidence that the city of Stalingrad also happened to be named after Hitler’s nemesis, Joseph Stalin, who at the time was controlling the Soviet troops. The Encyclopedia Britannica explains that, “siezing the city that bore the name of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin would serve as a great personal and propaganda victory for Adolf Hitler.” The capture of Stalingrad would improve Germany’s position in the war, while also advertising Hitler’s literal and figurative defeat over Stalin.
Stalin was one step ahead of Hitler and realized the importance of Stalingrad both as a port, a pathway, and a sign of propaganda for Hitler. Stalin sent all the capable people he had in Russia to defend the city, and his efforts proved victorious. The capture of Stalingrad was extremely crucial for Germany in World War II, and because of this defeat, the Allies would ultimately win World War II.
“Battle of Stalingrad”. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 11 Mar. 2016. <http://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Stalingrad>.
“Battle of Stalingrad.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2016. <http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/battle-of-stalingrad>.
“The Battle of Stalingrad.” Jewish Virtual Library. American-Israeli Corporate Enterprise, n.d. Web.10 Mar. 2016. <https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/ww2/Stalingrad.html>.”
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