The Psychological Effects of Bullying Among Children

In the modern environment, whether virtual or physical, the issue of bullying has become increasingly prevalent. Children are notorious for being honest, although such honesty can cross a line at times and shift into bullying. In this brief exploration of the subject, the psychological effects of bullying among children will be explored using literature on the matter.

bullying essay

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Bullying and Children’s Psychology

Within the context of children’s psychology, bullying is one side of the coin, while the other is victimization, with the increasing complexity of bullying being recognized (Swearer & Hymel, 2015, p. 344). As noted, the digital age has spurred the development of cyberbullying, which likewise has a strong effect upon the victims. Many potentially serious negative outcomes have been identified in association with cyberbullying (Kowalski & Giumetti, 2017, p. 167). Bullying has been found to negatively impact the psychosocial development of children who are victimized, with bullying being negatively associated with cognitive and affective empathy, while victimization is negatively associated with cognitive empathy, although not with affective empathy (van Noorden et. al., 2015, p. 637). Bullying is complex and affects children in a broad range of ways, the complexity of which is still being studied.


Bullying is a complex phenomenon that negatively impacts not only the victim of bullying but the bully themselves. Whether the victim or the bully, the development of empathy is negatively affected, meaning that persons who bully or are bullied will have more difficulty feeling for others in their lives. Bullying is a complex phenomenon that is informed by a variety of factors and influences, highlighting the importance of further research.


Kowalski, Robin M., and Gary W. Giumetti. “Bullying in the digital age.” Cybercrime and its victims. Routledge, 2017. 167-186.
Swearer, Susan M., and Shelley Hymel. “Understanding the psychology of bullying: Moving toward a social-ecological diathesis–stress model.” American Psychologist 70.4 (2015): 344.
Van Noorden, Tirza HJ, et al. “Empathy and involvement in bullying in children and adolescents: A systematic review.” Journal of youth and adolescence 44.3 (2015): 637-657.

What to Include in Essays About Bullying

Essays on bullying may include the following sections:

1. Bullying as a form of violence

a. What is bullying? It is a type of violence that involves aggressive persecution of one member of a group by another or by a group of people.

b. Types of bullying. They are physical, verbal, psychological, economic bullying, and cyberbullying. Usually, physical and psychological abuse go hand in hand. Taunting and bullying can continue for a long time, causing trauma to the victim.

c. School shootings as a result of bullying. Another phenomenon of the cruel modern world is the occurrence of school shootings.

d. Main components of bullying. This is aggressive and negative behavior, is carried out regularly, and occurs in relationships where the participants have unequal power.

2. Reasons and motives for bullying. What makes children so violent and aggressive towards their peers?

3. How can we tell if a child is being bullied? Children may not always be able to tell adults about their problems at school. Therefore, it is important for parents to recognize in time that the child has become a victim of bullying.

4. Who is involved in the bullying? Bullying usually involves the victim, the aggressor, and the observers, who are participants in the bullying.

a. Victim. There can be absolutely any reason for bullying.

b. Aggressor. A potential bully is a person who has low self-esteem, which he or she seeks to raise at the expense of humiliating others, striving to be the center of attention at any cost.

d. Observers. What role do they play in bullying?

5. How to deal with bullying at school?

a. What should parents do?

6. Bullying prevention (measures to prevent or reduce the level of aggression, violence) will help reduce the scale of this negative phenomenon, reduce the number of aggressors and victims involved in it, and improve relationships between children, taking into account the individual characteristics of each.

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